Configuring your database systems for security is also known as database hardening. Doing this can significantly limit the vulnerability of your sensitive data. Designing for security means understanding the best practices for database configuration and applying them to your database environments efficiently. In this article, specific database configuration settings are unique to each database system based on the network architecture, hardware, software, and applications used. We will examine some general principles of data security that can be implemented across various scenarios.
1. Secure the Physical Space
Designing a secure database environment begins with the physical space. If you have any on-premise servers, make sure they are in a locked and monitored environment to limit unnecessary access. The location should have security protocols for physical emergencies such as fire or natural disasters. Ensure your data is safe by implementing and maintaining database backups according to your technology’s best practices.